What is a series LLC? Should I form a series LLC?
A series LLC, formed under Texas law, is an LLC that provides in its governing documents for the establishment of a series of members, managers, membership interests, or assets that have separate rights, obligations and liabilities and business purposes from the general LLC. Each individual series has the ability to sue and be sued, enter into contracts, hold title to assets, and grant liens or security interests in its assets.
If you have questions about the legal or tax advantages/disadvantages of forming a series LLC, you should consult with your private attorney and/or tax advisor. The secretary of state’s office cannot provide you with this advice.
You should consult with your private attorney if you are considering forming a series LLC. In order to receive any of the benefits of a series LLC, specific information must be included in your certificate of formation and company agreement, and you must maintain separate records for the assets of each series, as required in sections 101.601-101.621 of the Texas Business Organizations Code. The secretary of state does not have a specific form to be used to form a series LLC. If you want to use our general certificate of formation for a limited liability company (Form 205 Word 159kb, PDF 108kb), you may do so and add the additional required information in the Supplemental Text area of the form.
If any series established by the LLC conducts business in Texas under a name other than the legal name of the LLC, the LLC must file an assumed name certificate in compliance with chapter 71 of the Texas Business & Commerce Code.
Yes. A series LLC formed under the laws of another jurisdiction will be treated as a single legal entity for qualification purposes. The LLC itself rather than the individual series should register as the legal entity that is transacting business in Texas. The secretary of state has a separate application for registration form for foreign series LLC. See Form 313 (Word 184kb, Acrobat 116kb). If each or any series of the LLC transacting business in Texas transacts business under a name other than the name of the LLC, the LLC must file an assumed name certificate in compliance with chapter 71 of the Texas Business & Commerce Code. See Form 503 (Word 125kb, Acrobat 68kb).
Not all states recognize a series LLC. You should contact the filing official in the state(s) where you contemplate transacting business to determine if the state recognizes series LLCs and, if so, the filing requirements. You may also want to consult with your private attorney to determine if a series LLC is the best structure to meet your business goals.